Gold is a bright yellow metal that has always symbolized immortality, eternity and wealth. Resistant to corrosion and oxidation, it is considered the most valuable and purest metal.
There are several types of gilding such as gilding, mercury gilding, depletion gilding, galvanic gilding, chemical gilding, vacuum gilding, gilding on wood and gilding on metal. But we will see in particular what gilding is made of gold leaf.
The use of gilding with gold leaf dates back to ancient Egypt. The Egyptian paintings demonstrate this by presenting goldsmiths beating gold to make leaves. At that time, gold symbolizes the color of the gods and pharaohs and was exploited in large quantities to make sarcophagi and also allowed them to use it to adorn art objects, especially painting, sculpture and cosmetics. These objects were embellished with gold by pounding. The techniques of fine gold gilding have been mastered over time and have evolved since the eighteenth century.
There are two main methods:
These two techniques are still used today,
Gilding with water or tempera is a technique of gold applied mainly on wood (also terracotta). It is also said that it is the traditional gilding and the oldest but which guarantees a better result. A method used only in value jobs (frames, icons ...) and requires several successive operations for the preparatory phases:
Gilding with the leaf can also be realized with the mixtion. A method of applying gold used on all external supports (roofs, ironwork ...) using a mixing layer that allows the sheet to adhere to the support. It is faster than water but also requires several steps:
The application of the gold leaf allows you to have a unique style of decoration to your objects. It is easy to perform but only requires a minimum of time.